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12th December

1388
On 12th December, 1388, Mary of Enghien sells the lordship of Argos and Nauplia to the Republic of Venice occurred. Mary of Enghien is also called Maria d’Enghien. He was Countess of Lecce from the year 1384 to year 1446, and, by her 2nd marriage, Queen of Naples and titular Queen of Sicily, Jerusalem, and Hungary. During the late Middle Ages, the 2 important cities of Argos and Nauplia designed a lordship within the Frankish-ruled Morea in southern Greece. The Republic of Venice is generally called the Most Serene Republic of Venice. It was a independent state and maritime republic what is in northeastern Italy, which occurred for a time between the 8th century and the 18th century.

1866
During the Oaks explosion, on 12th December, 1866, the worst serious mining disaster held in England kills 361 miners and rescuers. The Oaks explosion held at the Oaks Colliery. It is situated near Stairfoot, Barnsley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England. On 12th December 1866, the incident killed 361 miners and rescuers. The disaster occurred after a sequence of explosions produced by firedamp burning ripped complete the workings. This remains the worst mining and colliery disaster in England, and the 2nd worst mining accident what occurred in the United Kingdom, after the Welsh Senghenydd Colliery Disaster.

1897
On 12th December, 1897, Belo Horizonte, the 1st planned city in Brazil, was developed. Belo Horizonte is the 6th largest city in Brazil. It is also recognized as the 13th largest city in South America and the 18th largest city in the Americas. The metropolis is anchor to the Belo Horizonte city area, graded as the 3rd most populated metropolitan area in Brazil and the 17th most populated in the Americas. Belo Horizonte is the capital of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil’s 2nd most populated state. This is the 1st planned modern city in Brazil. A planned community is any communal that was sensibly planned from its beginning and is typically developed in a formerly immature area.

1911
On 12th December, 1911, Delhi replaced Calcutta as the capital of India. Delhi is formally called the National Capital Territory of Delhi. This is a city and a union terrain of India. This is surrounded by Haryana on 3 sides and by Uttar Pradesh to the east. The NCT also covers an part of 1,484 square kilometers. This is a capital of India. Kolkata is now the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. It is situated on the east bank of the Hooghly River. This is the main cultural, commercial, and educational center of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India’s oldest operating port and its only major riverine port.

1918
The Flag of Estonia was elevated atop the Pikk Hermann for the 1st time on 12th December, 1918.
The national flag of Estonia is a tri-color featuring 3 equal horizontal bands of black, blue and white. The normal size is 105 cm × 165 cm (41 in × 65 in). In Estonian it is also called the “sinimustvalge” after the colors of the bands. It was adopted first on 21st November 1918 after its freedom. This was used as an national flag until the year 1940 when the Nazi Germany and Soviet Union unlawfully engaged Estonia. Pikk Hermann or Tall Hermann is a tower of the Toompea Castle, on Toompea hill in Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. The 1st part was built 1360-1370. This was reconstructed in the 16th century. A staircase with 215 steps helps to reach to the top of the tower.

1935
On 12th December, 1935, Lebensborn Project, a Nazi reproduction program, was developed by Heinrich Himmler. Lebensborn e.V. was a state-supported, SS-initiated, registered connotation in Nazi Germany with the goal of levitation the birth rate of “Aryan” children of persons secret as “racially pure and healthy” what based on health ideology and Nazi racial hygiene. Heinrich Luitpold Himmler was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel. He was popular a leading member of the Nazi Party of Germany. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler briefly selected him a military commander.

1939
On 12th December, 1939, HMS Duchess sunk after a crash with HMS Barham off the coast of Scotland with the loss of 124 men. HMS Duchess was a D-class destroyer what was developed for the Royal Navy in the initial period of the year 1930. The ship was allocated to the Mediterranean Navy before she was moved to the China Station in early period of the year 1935. She was provisionally organized in the Red Sea through late of the year 1935 through the Abyssinia Crisis, before recurrent to her duty station where she continued until mid-1939.

1941
Adolf Hitler declared the pending extermination of the Jews at a meeting in the Reich Chancellery on 12th December, 1941. Adolf Hitler was a German politician. He was a leader of the Nazi Party and Chancellor of Germany. He served from the year 1933 to year 1945 and Führer of Nazi Germany from the year 1934 to year 1945. As dictator, Hitler started Second World War in Europe with the attack of Poland in September 1939, and was dominant to the Holocaust. The Reich Chancellery meeting of 12 December 1941 was a meeting. This meeting held between the highest-ranking officials of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler. Almost all significant party leaders were attend the meeting to hear Hitler announce the ongoing obliteration of the Jewish race, yet it remnants less recognized than the later Wannsee Conference.

1963
On 12th December, 1963, Kenya gained its freedom from the United Kingdom. Kenya is formally called the Republic of Kenya. This is a country in Africa. It is also a founding member of the East African Community. Nairobi is its capital and largest city. Kenya’s terrain lies on the equator and superimposes the East African Rift cover a varied and wide land that extends unequally from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana and further south-east to the Indian Ocean.

1991
The Russian Federation gained freedom from the USSR on 12th December, 1991. Russia is also officially called the Russian Federation. It is a country in Eurasia. The Soviet Union is formally called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. It was a socialist state what was in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991. The country was a one-party state what ruled by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital is in its largest republic and it is called the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

2000
On 12th December, 2000, The United States Supreme Court released its choice in Bush v. Gore. The Supreme Court of the United States is known as the highest federal court of the United States. This was established pursuant to Article 3 of the United States Constitution in the year 1789. Bush v. Gore, 531 U.S. 98 was a choice of the United States Supreme Court. This committed the argument adjacent of the 2000 high-level election.

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