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13th November

1093
Battle of Alnwick English victory over the Scots, Malcolm III of Scotland, and his son Edward, are slain. The Battle of Alnwick is one of the two major battles. The battle held close to the city of Alnwick, in Northumberland, England. The battle occurred on 13th November 1093, Malcolm III of Scotland what is also called as Malcolm Canmore. He was murdered together with his son Edward, by an military of knights led by Robert de Mowbray. Both Malcolm Canmore and his son Edward were murdered in this battle. The spring nearby which they deceased next became popular as “Malcolm’s Spring” or “Malcolm’s Well”. With Malcolm’s demise the Scottish military got itself leaderless, and so they went back to Scotland. The body of Malcolm and his son were buried at Tynemouth Priory. There is indecision as to whether Malcolm’s body was re-interred in Dunfermline Abbey.

1160
On 13th November, 1160, Louis VII of France married Adela of Champagne. Louis VII was a King of the Franks. He served from the year 1137 until his demise. He was one of the sons and successors of King Louis VI of France. He married Eleanor of Aquitaine who was one of the wealthiest and most influential and popular women in Western Europe. Eleanor came with the massive Duchy of Aquitaine as a dowry for Louis, thus momentarily spreading the Capetian lands to the Pyrenees, but their marriage was cancelled in the year 1152 after no male successor was produced. Adela of Champagne is also called as Adelaide and Alix. He was a Queen of France as the 3rd wife of Louis VII. She was the daughter of Matilda of Carinthia and Theobald II, Count of Cava and she was named after her grandmother, Adela of Normandy. Adela and Louis married on 18th October 1160, 5 weeks after his earlier wife, Constance of Castile, died in childbirth. Queen Adèle was the mother of Louis VII’s only son, Philip II, and of the Byzantine ruler Agnes.

1864
The new Constitution of Greece was adopted on 13th November, 1864. The Second National Assembly of the Hellenes held in Athens and allocated both with the appointment of a new independent and with the recruiting of a new Constitution, thus applying the change from legitimate kingdom to a capped republic. Subsequent the rejection of Prince Alfred of Great Britain to accept the crown of the Greek empire, the government presented the top to the Danish prince George Christian Willem of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Gluecksburg, who was crowned as a legitimate King of Greece under the name “George I, King of the Hellenes”.

1887
On 13th November, 1887, Bloody Sunday clashed in central London. Bloody Sunday took when a march started against joblessness and pressure in Ireland, as well as difficult the release of MP William O’Brien. He was confronted by the British Army and the Metropolitan Police. The demonstration was organized by the Irish National League and the Social Democratic Federation. Violent clashes held between the police and protestors, many “armed with iron bars, pokers, knives and gas pipes”. A modern report noted that 400 people were detained and 75 persons were badly wounded, with many police, two policemen being stabbed and one protester bayonetted.

1901
The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster held on 13th November, 1901. The Caister Lifeboat Disaster of 13th November 1901 held the coast of Caister-on-Sea, Norfolk, England. Events held through what became identified as the “Great Storm” which produced chaos down the East coasts of Scotland and England.

1914
During the Zaian War, on 13th November, 1914, Berber tribesmen impose the weightiest overthrow of French services in Morocco at the Combat of El Herri. The Zaian War was held between the Zaian and France association of Berber tribes in Morocco between the years 1914 and 1921. Morocco had become a French territory in the year 1912, and Resident-General Louis-Hubert Lyautey required to range French effect eastwards through the Middle Atlas mountains to French Algeria. This was opposite by the Zaians, led by Mouha ou Hammou Zayani. The battle started well for the French, who rapidly took the important cities of Khénifra and Taza. The Battle of El Herri was occurred between the Berber Zaian and France Association on 13th November 1914. This held at the small settlement of El Herri, close to Khénifra in the French territory in Morocco. The war was the portion of the Zaian battle in which the association of peoples sought to oppose continued French growth into the interior of Morocco.

1942
During the Second World War, on 13th November, 1942, Naval Battle of Guadalcanal occurred. In this battle, U.S. and Japanese ships engaged in an powerful, close-quarters external naval engagement in the Guadalcanal Campaign. The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal is also called the Battle of the Solomons, the 3rd and 4th Battles of Savo Island, the Battle of Friday the 13th, in Japanese sources, the Third Battle of the Solomon Sea held from 12th November to 15th November 1942. This was the conclusive appointment in a sequence of naval war between Allied and Imperial Japanese forces through the months-long Guadalcanal Movement in the Solomon Islands throughout Second World War. The Guadalcanal Campaign is also called as the Battle of Guadalcanal. The codename of this war is Operation Watchtower. It was an armed movement what held between 7th August 1942 and 9th February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of Second World War. This was the 1st major aggressive by Associated forces against the Territory of Japan.

1985
Xavier Suárez was on oath in as Miami’s 1st Cuban-born mayor on 13th November, 1985. Xavier Louis Suárez is an American politician what is located in Miami who was the 1st Cuban-born mayor of Miami and this is now called a Miami-Dade county commissioner. Miami is a major port city what is located on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States. It is the seat of Miami-Dade County, the city is the central, principal and the most populated city of the Miami city area and portion of the 2nd most populated metropolis in the southeastern United States.

1994
In a referendum, supporters in Sweden definite to join the European Union on 13th November, 1994. Since the introduction of lawmaking in Sweden, 6 national votes have been held. Legal supplies for votes were presented in the year 1922, one year after the acceptance of worldwide suffrage. The latest vote, on adopting the euro, was occurred on 14th September 2003. The European Union is an economic and political union of 28 member states what are situated mainly in Europe.

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