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13th October

1269
The existing church building at Westminster Abbey was consecrated on 13th October, 1269. Westminster Abbey is formally called the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster. It is a large, mostly Gothic monastery church what is located in the City of Westminster, London. It is found just to the west side of the Palace of Westminster. This is one of the United Kingdom’s prominent religious buildings and the outdated place of coronation and interment site for English. Later, it became a British monarchs. The building itself was a Benedictine reclusive church until the cloister was dissolved in the year 1539. Between the years 1540 and 1556, the monastery had the position of a cathedral. Building of the present church started in the year 1245, on the instructions of King Henry III. Consecration is the solemn devotion for a unusual resolution or service, typically religious. The word consecration means “association with the sacred”. A synonym for to sanctify is to sanctify; a distinct antonym is to violate.

1773
On 13th October, 1773, the Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by Charles Messier. The Whirlpool Galaxy is also called as Messier 51a, NGC 5194, M51a. It is an interrelating grand-design what twisting galaxy with a Seyfert 2 active enormous nucleus in the constellation Canes Venetic. It was the first galaxy to be undisclosed as a spiral galaxy. Lately it was assessed to be 23 ± 4 million light-years from the Milky Way, but various approaches yield detachments between 15 and 35 million light-years. Messier 51 is one of the best recognized galaxies in the sky. Charles Messier was a French astronomer and he was the most notable for publishing an astronomical list containing of nebulae and star clusters that came to be recognized as the 110 “Messier objects”.

1821
The Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Territory was publicly announced on 13th October, 1821. The Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Territory is the important document. This was made by which the Mexican Territory stated freedom from the Spanish Monarchy. This was established document of the Mexican nation was employed in the National Palace in Mexico City on 28th September, 1821, by Juan José Espinosa de los Monteros, administrator of the Provisional Governmental Board. 3 copies of the act were performed and one was demolished by a fire in the year 1909. Rest of the two copies are in the Museo Historico de Acapulco Fuerte de San Diego in Acapulco and in the General Archive of the Nation in Mexico City. The document is 52.9 centimeters wide and 71.8 centimeters high.

1881
First recognized discussion made on 13th October, 1881 in modern Hebrew by Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends. The restoration of the Hebrew language held in Europe and Israel to the end of the 19th century and into the 20th century, through which the language’s repetition transformed from the sacred language of Judaism to a and written and spoken language what used for everyday life in Israel. The procedure started as Jews begun reaching in Palestine in the first half of the 9th century and used Hebrew as a lingua franca. However, a equivalent expansion in Europe transformed Hebrew from principally a consecrated liturgical language into a literary language what played an important role in the expansion of nationalist educational programs. Eliezer Ben‑Yehuda was a recognized Jewish Litvak lexicographer of Hebrew and newspaper editor. He was the driving spirit back the revival of the Hebrew language in the current era.

1885
The Georgia Institute of Technology was founded in Atlanta, Georgia, United States on 13th October, 1885. The Georgia Institute of Technology is also familiar as Georgia Tech, Tech, or GT. It is a public exploration university in Atlanta, Georgia, in the United States. This is a part of the University System of Georgia and has satellite campuses in Savannah, Georgia; Athlone, Ireland; Metz, France; Shenzhen, China; and Singapore. The educational institution was originated in the year 1885 as the Georgia School of Technology as part of Reconstruction plans to form an industrial economy in the post-Civil War Southern United States. In the year 1948, the school transformed its name to duplicate its development from a trade school to a larger and more talented technical institute and research university. Atlanta is the capital of and the most populated city what is located in the U.S. state of Georgia, with an assessed 2016 population of 472,522. Atlanta is the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the United States.

1923
Ankara replaced Istanbul as the capital of Turkey on 13th October, 1923. Ankara is formerly known as Ancyra and Angora. It is the capital of the Republic of Turkey. With a populace of 4,587,558 in the urban center and 5,150,072 in its province, it is Turkey’s 2nd largest city after previous imperial capital Istanbul, having overhauled İzmir. Istanbul is historically known as Byzantium and Constantinople. It is the most populated city in Turkey and the country’s cultural, economic, and historic center. Istanbul is a pancontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosphorus strait between the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. Turkey is officially called the Republic of Turkey. It is a pancontinental country in Eurasia, mostly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller share on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

1946
France adopted the constitution of the 4th Republic on 13th October, 1946. A constitutional referendum was occurred in France on 13th October 1946. Voters were requested whether they permitted of a new constitution planned by the Constituent Meeting designated in June. Unlike the May referendum, which saw a earlier constitutional suggestion banned, the new constitution was accepted by 53.2% of voters, and carried the French 4th Republic into existence. The French Fourth Republic was the republican government of France. It formed between the years 1946 and 1958, ruled by the 4th republican constitution. This was in different ways a restoration of the 3rd Republic, which was in place before World War II, and agonized many of the same difficulties. France approved the constitution of the Fourth Republic on 13th October 1946.

1972
An Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-62 crashed outside Moscow murder 174 on 13th October, 1972. PJSC Aeroflot – Russian Airlines is generally known as Aeroflot. It is the flag carrier and largest airlines of the Russian Federation. The carrier is an open joint stock company what functions domestic and worldwide services and passenger, mostly from its hub at Sheremetyevo Worldwide Airport. The Ilyushin Il-62 is a Soviet long-range narrow-body jet airliner what considered in the year 1960 by Ilyushin. As successor to the prevalent turbo-prop Il-18 and with volume for nearly 200 passengers and crew, the Il-62 was the world’s largest jet airliner when 1st flown in the year 1963. Aeroflot Flight 217 was a non-scheduled worldwide passenger flight from Orly Airport in Paris to Sheremetyevo International Airport in Moscow, with a stop at Shosseynaya Airport in Leningrad.

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