14th December

Princess Mary Stuart became Mary, Queen of Scots on 14th December, 1542. Mary, Queen of Scots is also familiar as Mary Stuart or Mary I. She ruled over Scotland from the 14 December 1542 to 24th July 1567. Mary was the only alive legitimate child of James V of Scotland. She was just 6 days old when her father died. In that age, she assented to the throne. She brought up in France at the childhood while Scotland was governed by regents, and in the year 1558. She married the Dauphin of France, Francis. He risen the French throne as a King Francis II in the year 1559, and Mary became a queen consort of France, until the death of Dauphin in December 1560. Observing her as a threat, Elizabeth had her restricted in many castles and mansion houses in the inner of England. After 18 and a half years in custody, Mary was found embarrassed of plotting to murder Elizabeth in the year 1586. She was beheaded in 1586.

On 14th December, 1751, The Theresian Military Academy was developed in Wiener Neustadt, Austria. The Theresian Military Academy is a military academy what is located in Austria, where the Austrian Military Forces train their officers. This is developed in the year 1751, the academy is mainly situated in the castle of Wiener Neustadt in Lower Austria. Wiener Neustadt is a city what is situated in the state of Lower Austria, in south of Vienna, in north-east Austria. This is a self-governed city and the seat of the district management of Wiener Neustadt-Land. The city is the site of one of the world’s oldest armed academies, the Theresian Military Academy, which was familiar by Empress Maria Theresa of Austria in the year 1752 to train officers for the Austrian military.

The Montgolfier brothers 1st test fly a hot air balloon in France on 14th December, 1782 and it floated nearly 2 km. Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier and Joseph-Michel Montgolfier were paper producers from Annonay, in Ardèche, France. They are the best known as inventors of the Montgolfière-style hot air balloon, globe aérostatique. They started the 1st piloted ascent, resounding Étienne. Joseph Michel also developed the self-acting hydraulic ram, Jacques Étienne originated the 1st paper making vocational school and the brothers developed a process to production transparent paper. A hot air balloon is a lighter than air aircraft. This consists of a bag what is called an envelope, which contains heated air.

On 24th December, 1819, Alabama became the 22nd U.S. state. Alabama is a state what is located in the southeastern region of the United States. This is fully surrounded by Georgia to the east, Tennessee to the north, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by part and the 24th-most populated of the U.S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles of inland waterways, Alabama has among the greatest of any state.

The Toledo War unofficially ended on 14th December, 1836. The Toledo War is also called as the Michigan–Ohio Battle. This was an almost bloodless border what argument what held between the U.S. state of Ohio and the adjoining territory of Michigan. Creating from unsuited state and federal legislature what passed between the years 1787 and 1805, the argument occasioned from poor empathetic of geographical features of the Great Lakes at the time. Changing understandings of the law produced the governments of Michigan and Ohio to both claim sovereignty over a 468-square-mile region along the border, now recognized as the Toledo Strip. When Michigan appealed for statehood in the year 1835, it required to comprise the doubtful terrain within its borders; Ohio’s congressional allocation was in turn able to stall Michigan’s charge to the Union.

On 14th December, 1896, The Glasgow Underground Railway was unlocked by the Glasgow District Subway Company. The Glasgow Subway is an underground metro line what is located in Glasgow, Scotland. This was launched on 14th December 1896 and this is the 3rd oldest underground metro system in the world after the Budapest Metro and the London Underground. This is the only heavy rail underground metro system in the United Kingdom outside London. This is also the only one in the United Kingdom which operates totally underground. The line was initially recognized as the Glasgow District Subway, but was later this was renamed to Glasgow Subway Railway.

Portuguese President Sidónio Pais was assassinated on 14th December, 1918. The President of the Portuguese Republic is the administrative head of state of Portugal. The powers, duties and functions of prior presidential offices, and their relative with the Prime Minister and cabinets have more times varied with the various Portuguese constitutions. The current President of Portugal is Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, who took office on 9th March 2016. Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais was a Portuguese military officer, politician and diplomat, who aided as the fourth President of the 1st Portuguese Republic in the year 1918. He was one of the most discordant figures in modern Portuguese history, he was mentioned to by the writer Fernando Pessoa as the “President-King”, a account that stuck in later years and represents his regime

During the Second World War, on 14th December, 1941, Japan signed a contract of alliance with Thailand.

On 14th December, 1958, The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition became the 1st to influence the southern pole of inaccessibility. Thailand is formally called the Kingdom of Thailand and this also called Siam. It is a country at the center of the Indochinese peninsula what is located in Southeast Asia. With a entire area of about 513,000 km2, Thailand is the world’s 50th-largest country. This is the 20th-most-populous country in the world, with around 69 million people.

Convention against Discrimination in Education of UNESCO was adopted on 14th December, 1960. Convention against Discrimination in Education is a multilateral agreement what accepted by UNESCO on 14th December 1960 in Paris. This became active on 22nd May 1962, which aims to battle discernment and racial separation in the field of education. The Convention also ensures the free choice of religious education and private school right to use or train their own languages for national sections. This Convention is also called to in the Preamble of International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and United Nations Convention on the Defense of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.

On 14th December, 1963, The dam containing the Baldwin Hills Reservoir bursted and it killed 5 people and destroyed more than hundreds of homes in Los Angeles, California. The Baldwin Hills Dam disaster held on 14th December, 1963, when the dam comprising the Baldwin Hills Reservoir agonized a disastrous disappointment and inundated the inhabited areas surrounding it. This started with symbols of coating disappointment what trailed by increasingly understanding leakage through the dam at its east abutment. After 3 hours the dam breached, with a total announcement of 250 million US gallons, resulting in 5 deaths and the destruction of 277 homes. Vigorous rescue labors avoided a greater loss of life. Los Angeles is formally called the City of Los Angeles. This is also called by its initials L.A., is the financial, cultural, and commercial center of Southern California.

On 14th December, 1994, Construction started on the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze river. The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric gravity dam what spans the Yangtze River by the city of Sandouping. It is situated in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, China. The 3 Gorges Dam is the world’s largest power station what is in terms of installed capacity. In the year 2014 the dam produced 98.8 terawatt-hours (TWh) and had the world record, but was exceeded by Itaipú Dam that set the new world record in the year 2016 producing 103.1 TWh.

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