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14th November

1918
Czechoslovakia became a republic on 14th November, 1918. Czechoslovakia or Czecho-Slovakia was an independent state what is located in Central Europe that was from October 1918, when this avowed its freedom from the Austro-Hungarian Territory, until its nonviolent closure into Slovakia and the Czech Republic on 1st January 1993. From the year 1939 to year 1945, following its required division and incomplete combination into Nazi Germany, the state did not de facto occur but its government-in-exile sustained to function.

1921
Foundation of the Communist Party of Spain held on 14th November, 1921. The Communist Party of Spain is a national political party what is located in Spain. This is the largest member association of the United Left electoral alliance and has impact in the largest trade union in Spain, Workers’ Commissions. The PCE was considered by the fight against the Franco dictatorship, through which time it was unlawful. This was legalized in the year 1977 by Adolfo Suárez as one of the military forces essential to start equality in Spain. The youth organization of PCE is the Communist Youth Union of Spain. PCE published Mundo Obrero monthly.

1922
The British Broadcasting Company started radio service in the United Kingdom on 14th November, 1922. The British Broadcasting Company Ltd is shortly called BBC. This was a British commercial company what formed on 18th October 1922 by British and American electrical companies doing business in the United Empire and permitted by the British General Post Office. Its major office was located on the 2nd floor of Magnet House, the GEC buildings in London and entailed of a room and a small antechamber. On 14 December 1922, John Reith was borrowed to develop the Managing Director of the company at that address. Later, the company transfer its offices to the buildings of the Marconi Company. On 31st December of the year 1926, the company was dissolved and its possessions were moved to the non-commercial and Crown Chartered British Broadcasting Corporation.

1932
On 14th November, 1932, Al Shorta SC, one of Iraq’s biggest football clubs were founded as Montakhab Al Shorta. Al-Shorta Sports Club is an Iraqi sports club what is based in Rusafa District, East Districts of the Tigris River, Baghdad. This has many teams in many diverse sports counting football, handball, basketball, futsal, beach volleyball, volleyball, athletics, archery, bodybuilding, boxing, show jumping, swimming, taekwondo, weightlifting, water polo, wrestling and wushu. The oldest and best recognized section of the club is the football team. Iraq is officially called as the Republic of Iraq. This is a country what is located in Western Asia It is surrounded by Turkey to the north, Kuwait to the southeast, Iran to the east, Jordan to the southwest, Saudi Arabia to the south and Syria to the west.

1952
The first regular UK Singles Chart published by the New Musical Express on 14th November, 1952. The UK Singles Chart is amassed by the Official Charts Company. It works on behalf of the British record industry what is listing the top-selling singles in the United Kingdom. It is based upon physical sales, paid-for downloads and streaming. To be qualified for the chart, a single is presently distinct by the Official Charts Company as either a ‘single bundle’ having over 4 tracks and not permanent longer than 25 minutes or one digital audio track no longer than 15 minutes with a minimum sale price of 40 pence. New Musical Express is a British music journalism magazine what published since the year 1952.

1960
On 14th November, 1960, Ruby Bridges became the 1st black child to join an all-white basic school in Louisiana. Ruby Nell Bridges Hall is popular American civil rights activist. She was the 1st African-American child to integrate the all-white William Frantz Basic School in Louisiana through the New Orleans school integration crisis in 1960. Louisiana is a state what is located in the southeastern area of the United States. This is the 31st in size and the 25th most populated of the 50 United States.

1971
Enthronement of Pope Shenouda III as Pope of Alexandria held on 14th November, 1971. Pope Shenouda III was the 117th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. His episcopate was for 40 years around. This started from 14th November 1971 to end of his life on 17th March 2012. His official name was Pope of Alexandria and the Patriarch of All Africa on the Holy Apostolic See of Saint Mark the Evangelist of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. He was also served as the chief of the Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria. He was a outdated figure within the Church. He was also valued within the Muslim community. The Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria was the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, a confidence with ancient Christian roots in Egypt. The present holder of this position is Pope Tawadros II, who was nominated as the 118th pope on 4th November, 2012.

1971
On 14th November, 1971, Mariner 9 entered orbit around Mars. Mariner 9 was an unmanned NASA space probe. This was donated importantly to the inspection of Mars and this was part of the Mariner program. Mariner 9 was started toward Mars on 30th May, 1971 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and reached the planet on 14th November of the same year. This was becoming the 1st spacecraft to orbit another planet – only hardly beating the Soviets’ Mars 2 and Mars 3, which both reached within a month. After months of dust storms it accomplished to send back clear pictures of the superficial. Mariner 9 returned around 7329 images over the sequence of its mission, which decided in 1972. Mars is the 4th planet what is found from the Sun and the 2nd smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
1973
In the United Kingdom, on 14th November, 1973, Princess Anne married Captain Mark Phillips, in Westminster Abbey. Anne, Princess Royal is the 2nd child and she was the only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. During her birth, she was 3rd in the line of series to the British throne, behind her mother – then Princess Elizabeth – and elder brother, Charles. She rose to 2nd after her mother’s accession, but what is presently 12th in line. Captain Mark Anthony Peter Phillips is an English Olympic gold-medal-winning horseman for Great Britain. He was a former husband of Anne with whom he has two children. He remained a leading figure in British equestrian circles, a noted evening course designer and a writer in Horse & Hound magazine. Westminster Abbey is officially called the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster.

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