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16th December

1575
On 16th December, 1575, an earthquake with an measured rector scale of 8.5 strikes Valdivia, Chile. The 1575 Valdivia earthquake held at 14:30 local time on 16th December. This It had an assessed scale of 8.5 on the exterior wave scale and led to the flood of Valdivia, Chile. Pedro Mariño de Lobera, who was corregidor of Valdivia by that time, wrote that the waters of the river opened like the Red Sea. This is one part of flowing upstream and one downstream. The effects of this earthquake were similar to the 1960 Valdivia quake that also triggered ensuing Riñihuazo flooding. These comparations show that big earthquakes have a pattern that span over numerous centuries.

1689
During the Convention Parliament, on 16th December, 1689, The Declaration of Right was personified in the Bill of Rights. The English Convention was an meeting of the Parliament of England. This was transported the crowns of Scotland, England and Ireland from James II to William III and Mary II as co-regents. The Bill of Rights is also called the English Bill of Rights. This is an Act of the Parliament of England what deals with legal matters and sets out sure basic civil rights. This was Passed on 16th December 1689 and it is a reaffirmation in statutory form of the Declaration of Right presented by the Convention Parliament to William III and Mary II in February 1689, inviting them to become joint sovereigns of England. The Bill of Rights lays down bounds on the powers of the ruler and sets out the rights of Parliament, with the condition for free elections, regular parliaments, and autonomy of speech in Parliament.

1811
The first two in a sequences of four severe earthquakes held on 16th December, 1811 in the vicinity of New Madrid, Missouri. The 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes were an strong intraplate earthquake series. The earthquake started with an early earthquake of moment what scale 7.5–7.9 on 16th December, 1811. This was tailed by a moment magnitude 7.4 aftershock on the similar day. They remain the most influential earthquakes to hit the connecting United States east of the Rocky Mountains in recorded history. They, as well as the seismic zone of their incidence, were named for the Mississippi River city of New Madrid, now within the US state of Missouri. The New Madrid Seismic Zone is called the New Madrid Fault Line. This is a major seismic zone and a prolific source of intraplate earthquakes in the midwestern and southern United States, stretching to the southwest from New Madrid, Missouri.

1883
During the Tonkin Campaign, on 16th December, 1883, French forces captured the Sơn Tây citadel. The Tonkin Campaign was an military action what held between June 1883 and April 1886. This occurred by the French against, the Vietnamese, Liu Yongfu’s Black Flag Army and the Chinese Guangxi and Yunnan armies to occupy Tonkin and entrench a French protectorate there. The French Third Republic was the system of government what approved in France from the year 1870, when the 2nd French Empire collapsed, until the year 1940, when France’s defeat by Nazi Germany in Second World War ran to the creation of the Vichy government in France. This came to an end on 10th July 1940. The Son Tay Campaign was a movement what held by the French to capture the deliberately significant city of Son Tay in Tonkin from Liu Yongfu’s Black Flag Army and allied legations of Vietnamese and Chinese troops. Sơn Tây is a regional town what is located in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam.

1903
On 16th December, 1903, Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel in Bombay 1st opened its doors to guests. The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel is a five-star hotel and this is a Heritage Grand” class hotel. This located in the Colaba area of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, next to the Gateway of India. Historically it was called as the “Taj Mahal Hotel” or the “Taj Palace Hotel”. It is a Part of the Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces, this hotel is measured the flagship property of the group and covers 560 rooms and 44 suites. The hotel has hosted many distinguished guests, from presidents to heads of industry and stars of show business.

1907
The American Great White Fleet started its circumvention of the world on 16th December, 1907. The Great White Fleet is a nickname for the powerful United States Navy fight fleet. This completed a journey about the globe from 16th December 1907, to 22nd February 1909, by order of United States President Theodore Roosevelt. This contained of 16 battleships what divided into 2 squadrons, along with numerous escorts. Roosevelt sought to authenticate growing American martial power and blue-water navy ability. The hulls of these battle ships were dyed a stark white what giving the armada the nickname “Great White Fleet”.

1918
Vincas Mickevičius-Kapsukas declared the development of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic; it was dissolved in the year 1919. Vincas Mickevičius is also called by his name Kapsukas. He was a Lithuanian socialist political activist and revolutionary. Since he was an active member of the Lithuanian National Revival, he wrote for and edited many Lithuanian magazines and linked the Lithuanian Social Democratic Party. The Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic was a short-lived Soviet republic. It was declared on 16th December 16, 1918 by a provisional radical government led by Vincas Mickevičius-Kapsukas. This ceased to exist on 27th February 27, 1919 when it was merged with the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia to procedure the Lithuanian–Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. While labors were made to represent the LSSR as a product of a socialist rebellion maintained by local residents. This was mainly a Moscow-orchestrated entity formed to justify the Lithuanian–Soviet War.

1938
On 16th December, 1938, Adolf Hitler instituted the Cross of Honour of the German Mother. Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was a leader of the Nazi Party, a Chancellor of Germany and served from the year 1933 to year 1945 and Führer of Nazi Germany from the year 1934 to year 1945. As dictator, Hitler started Second World War in Europe with the attack of Poland in September 1939, and was central to the Holocaust. The Cross of Honour of the German Mother called to colloquially as the Mutterehrenkreuz or simply Mutterkreuz was a state adornment what discussed by the administration of the German Reich to honour a Reichsdeutsche German mother for special quality to the German nation. Suitability later protracted to include Volksdeutsche mothers from, for example, Austria and Sudetenland, that had earlier been united into the German Reich.

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