19th December

On 19th December, 1187, Pope Clement III was selected. Pope Clement III born Paulino governed from 19th December 1187 to his demise.

The Battle of Dreux held through the French Wars of Religion on 19th December, 1562. The Battle of Dreux was held between Huguenots and Catholics . The Catholics were ran by Anne de Montmorency while Louis I, Prince of Condé led the Huguenots. Though leaders from both sides were apprehended, the French Catholics won the war. The French Wars of Religion is also called Huguenot Wars of the 16th century. These were names for a dated of civil infighting, religious battle mainly fought between Huguenots and Roman Catholics in the Empire of France. The battle involved numerous sovereign principalities: the Duchy of Savoy, the Duchy of Lorraine, the Kingdom of Navarre, and parts of Burgundy which have since been united into France.

On 19th December, 1776, Thomas Paine published one of a sequence of leaflets in The Pennsylvania Journal entitled “The American Crisis”. Thomas Paine was an English-born American political activist, political theorist, philosopher and radical. He was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He also permitted the two most powerful brochures at the start of the American Rebellion, and he stimulated the rebels in the year 1776 to state freedom from Britain. The Pennsylvania Journal was an American weekly newspaper what was published by William Bradford through the 18th century. The 1st edition of The Pennsylvania Journal looked in December 1742. A famous contributor was Thomas Paine, who published his 1st ever journalism what is in the Journal in the year 1775, and subsidized a series of pamphleteering papers entitled The American Crisis from December 1776 onwards. The American Crisis is a pamphlet series by 18th century Enlightenment philosopher and author Thomas Paine was published from the year 1776 to year 1783 through the American Revolution. It is also called The American Crisis or The Crisis, there are 16 pamphlets in total.

Two hundred 39 coal miners died in the Darr Mine Disaster in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania on 19th December, 1907. The Darr Mine disaster at Van Meter, Rostraver Township, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland County, close to Smithton, murdered 239 men and boys on 19th December, 1907. This ranks as the poorest coal mining disaster in Pennsylvanian history. Jacobs Creek is a 33.4-mile-long tributary of the Youghiogheny River commencement in Acme, Pennsylvania and demanding at its mouth in the city of Jacobs Creek into the Youghiogheny River. Jacobs Creek is the southwestern boundary of Westmoreland County and the northwestern border of Fayette County.

The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost was sold in London, England on 19th December, 1924. The Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost name is used for both to a car model and one exact car from that sequence. This is Initially called the “40/50 h.p.” the chassis was 1st made at Royce’s Manchester works, with manufacture touching to Derby in July 1908, and also, between the years 1921 and 1926, in Springfield, Massachusetts. Chassis no. 60551, registered AX 201, was the car that was originally given the name “Silver Ghost.”
On 19th December, 1932, BBC World Service started broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service. The BBC World Service is the world’s largest international broadcaster. It is a broadcasts radio and television speech, news and discussions in 29 different languages including Bengali to many parts of the world. This is used different methods to broadcast like analogue and digital shortwave platforms, Internet streaming, satellite, podcasting, DAB, FM and MW relays. This was broadcast in November 2015 that the BBC World Service will begin broadcasting in Yoruba in Nigeria and Pidgin, which will bring the entire number of broadcast languages to 31.

Inauguration of the 1st Indochina War held on 19th December, 1946. The First Indochina War is also called the Indochina War in France. This is also called the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam. It started in French Indochina on 19th December, 1946, and continued until 1st August, 1954. The war held between French military forces and their Viet Minh enemies in the south dated from September 1945. The battle rutted a range of forces, with the French Union’s French Far East Expeditionary Corps, ran by France and maintained by Emperor Bảo Đại’s Vietnamese National Army in contradiction of the Viet Minh, led by Ho Chi Minh and the People’s Army of Vietnam ran by Vo Nguyen Giap.

On 19th December, 1956, Irish-born physician John Bodkin Adams was arrested in linking with the doubtful deaths over 160 patients. Finally he is imprisoned only of minor charges. John Bodkin Adams was a British general practitioner, sentenced fraudster and suspected serial killer. Between the years 1946 and 1956, over 160 of his patients died in doubtful conditions. Of these, 132 left him money or items in their wills. He was also tried and acquitted for the murder of one patient in the year 1957. Another count of murder was withdrawn by the trial in what was later labelled as “an abuse of process” by the presiding judge Sir Patrick Devlin, producing questions to be asked in Parliament about the prosecution’s handling of events.

16 people were lost when the Penlee lifeboat went to the help of the stricken beermat Union Star in heavy seas. The Penlee lifeboat disaster held on 19th December 1981 off the shore of Cornwall. The lifeboat Solomon Browne is based at the Penlee lifeboat station what is close to Mousehole, went to the support of the vessel Union Star after its engines unsuccessful in heavy seas. After the lifeboat had saved 4 people, both containers were lost with all hands; in all, 16 people died with eight volunteer lifeboatmen.
The United States Government restored federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Native American tribe on 19th December, 1995. The Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi is a federally documented Native American band of Potawatomi people in the United States. The community completed federal recognition on 19th December, 1995. It is presently has about 800 members. The Notawasepe Potawatamie Reservation is mainly situated at 42°06′18″N 85°15′40″W in Athens Township in southwestern Calhoun County in southwestern Michigan. This has a land part of 129.4 acres. It has acquired an additional 230 acres of land for its use and functions a gaming casino in Battle Creek.

On 19th December, 2013, Spacecraft Gaia was started by European Space Agency.Gaia is a space observatory of the European Space Agency designed for astrometry. This is determining the distances and positions of stars with unparalleled precision. The mission goals to develop the largest and most precise 3D space set ever made, totaling about 1 billion astronomical objects, mostly stars but also comets, planets, quasars and asteroids among others.

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