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19th October

1386
The Universität Heidelberg was the oldest German university and on 19th October, 1386, its first lecture held. Heidelberg University is a popular public research university. It is located in Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. After foundation of this University, it has been working smoothly. It was founded in 1386. It runs according to the instruction Pope Urban VI. Heidelberg is Germany’s one of the world’s oldest surviving universities. This was the 3rd university what recognized in the Holy Roman Empire. Heidelberg has been a coeducational institution since the year 1899. The university contains about 12 faculties. This also offers degree programs at undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral levels in about 100 disciplines.

1466
During the Thirteen Years’ War, on 19th October, 1466 ended with the Second Agreement of Thorn. The Thirteen Years’ War is also called the War of the Cities. This battle was a serious conflict what fought started from the year 1454 to year 1466. It held between the State of the Teutonic Order and the Prussian Confederation, associated with the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland. The Second Peace of Thorn of 1466 was a peace agreement. This was signed in the Hanseatic city of Thorn on 19th October 1466. The agreement was made between the Polish king Casimir IV Jagiellon on and the Teutonic Knights. The contract decided the Thirteen Years’ War which had started in February 1454 with the rebellion of the Prussian Confederation, led by the cities of Danzig, Elbing, Kulm and Thorn, and the Prussian nobility against the instruction of the Teutonic Knights in the Monastic State.

1812
Napoleon Bonaparte retreated from Moscow on 19th October, 1812. Napoléon Bonaparte was a French military leader and statesman. He rose to fame in the French Revolution. He ran numerous fruitful crusades during the French Radical Wars. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from the year 1804 until the year 1814, and again temporarily in the year 1815. Napoleon conquered European and global affairs for over a decade while leading France against a sequence of coalitions in the Napoleonic Battle.

1914
The First Battle of Ypres started on 19th October, 1914. The First Battle of Ypres was a serious war of the First World War. This fought on the Western Front about Ypres, Belgium, in West Flanders during October and November of the year 1914. The war was part of the 1st Battle of Flanders, in which French, German and Belgian militaries and the British Expeditionary Force clashed from Arras in France to Nieuport on the Belgian coast, from 10th October to mid-November. The wars at Ypres started at the end of the Race to the Sea, reciprocal efforts by the German and Franco-British militaries to advance past the northern flank of their adversaries.

1933
Germany withdrawn from the League of Nations on 19th October, 1933. Germany is officially called the Federal Republic of Germany. It is a federal governmental republic in central-western Europe. The League of Nations was an international organization. This was founded on 10th January 1920 during the Paris Peace Conference. This contract ended the First World War. This is recognized as the first international organization whose major mission was to uphold world peace. The primary goals of this organization to state in its Covenant. It included preventing battles through cooperative security and decommissioning and settling global disputes through cooperation and arbitration. Other issues in this and related agreements comprised labor conditions, just treatment of native inhabitants, drug trafficking and human, global health, the arms trade, prisoners of war, and defense of minorities in Europe.

1944
United States forces landed in the Philippines on 19th October, 1944. The war of Leyte in the Pacific movement of World War II. It was the amphibious attack of the Gulf of Leyte in the Philippines by American militaries and Filipino guerrillas under the command of General Douglas MacArthur, who fought against the Imperial Japanese militaries in the Philippines led by General Tomoyuki Yamashita from 17th October to 26th December 1944. The operation code named King Two started the Philippines campaign of 1944–1945 for the recall and liberation of the whole Philippine Archipelago and to end almost 3 years of Japanese profession.

1974
On 19th October, 1974, Niue became a self-governing colony of New Zealand. The Schedules of the Niue Constitution Act 1974 formed the Niue constitution. This instructs the make-up of the policymaking branch of the government. It is also helpful for creating the judicial branch and the legislative branch. The Niue Constitution Act 1974 is the supreme law of Niue; any other Niue law that is unpredictable with the Niue Constitution Act 1974 will be believed to be invalid. Its yielding by the New Zealand Parliament in the year 1974. This was distinguished annually as Niue’s individuality on “Constitution Day” on 19th October. The road towards self-government for Niue ongoing with the UN Decolonisation Committee putting burden on New Zealand for Niue to decide what form of status Niue wanted.

1987
In the Black Monday, on 19th October, 1987, The Dow Jones Industrial Average fall by 22%, 508 points. In finance, Black Monday means to Monday, 19th October, 1987, when stock markets everywhere the world crashed, detaching a massive value in a very small time. The crash started in Hong Kong and it spread to different countries like west to Europe, hitting the United States after other markets had already failed by an important margin. The Dow Jones Industrial Average is also called DJIA. It is called by several names like the Industrial Average, the Dow Jones Industrial, the Dow Jones, ^DJI, the Dow 30 or the Dow. It is a stock market index, and one of numerous directories developed by Wall Street Journal editor and Dow Jones & Company co-founder Charles Dow.

2003
Mother Teresa was beatified by Pope John Paul II on 19th October, 2003. Mother Teresa is also known in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta. It was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and preacher. Beatification is a called accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person’s arrival into Heaven and capacity to intervene for individuals who pray in his or her name. Pope Saint John Paul II was chief of the Catholic Church from the year 1978 to year 2005. It is called Saint John Paul the Great by some Catholics. He was designated by the 2nd Papal meeting of the year 1978, which was named after Pope John Paul I, who had been selected in August to prosper Pope Paul VI, expired after 33 days. Cardinal Wojtyła was elected on the 3rd day of the meeting and approved his predecessor’s name in praise to him.

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