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1st November

1179
On 1st November, 1179, Philip II was crowned King of France. A coronation or crown is the act of assignment or bestowal of a crown upon a ruler’s head. Philip II is also called as Philip Augustus. He was a King of France from 1180 to 1223. He was also a member of the House of Capet. Philip’s predecessors had been recognized as kings of the Franks, but from the year 1190 onward. Philip became the 1st French sovereign to style himself “King of France.” The son of King Louis VII and his 3rd wife, Adèle of Champagne, he was initially called Dieudonné “God-given” since he was the 1st son of Louis VII, born late in his father’s life.

1503
Pope Julius II was elected on 1st November, 1503. Pope Julius II born Giuliano della Rovere, and his nickname was “The Fearsome Pope” and “The Warrior Pope”. He was chief of the Catholic Church and monarch of the Papal States from 1st November 1503 to his end of life in the year 1513. His papacy was noticeable by foreign policy, determined building projects, and support of the arts—he custom-made the annihilation and transformation of St. Peter’s Basilica, and Michelangelo’s adornment of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

1570
The All Saints’ Flood devastated the Dutch coast on 1st November, 1570. The All Saints’ Flood of 1570 was a tragedy and it happened on 1st November, on the Dutch coast. Exaggerated cities comprise Egmond, Saeftinghe and Bergen op Zoom. The Domeinraad council in Bergen op Zoom on 1st November 1570 recorded: “Commenting that those big storms of wind yesterday” were to the dike works of the north and south quarters “a warning given about very extreme high flood.” A long period of storm broke the water to unparalleled heights, still more than those at the flood disaster of the year 1953. This broke countless dikes on the Dutch shores, and there were huge floods and enormous injury.

1683
The British Crown colony of New York was subdivided into 12 counties on 1st November, 1683. The Province of New York was a British exclusive colony and it was called regal colony on the northeast coast of North America. New York is one of the 13 Colonies what reached independence. It was functional with the others to found the United States. During the 2nd Anglo-Dutch War, in the year 1664, the Dutch Province of New Netherland was rewarded by Charles II of England to his brother James, Duke of York. James elevated a navy to take it from the Dutch. The Dutch submitted to the English fleet. The area was renamed for the Duke of York, as its owner.

1814
After the conquest of France in the Napoleonic Wars, on 1st November, 1814, Congress of Vienna opened to re-draw the European political map. The Congress of Vienna was a big meeting of envoys of European states managed by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich. This held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 181. However the governments had reached and were previously transferring by late September 1814. The objective of the Congress was to offer a long-term peace plan for Europe by relaxing dangerous issues rising from the Napoleonic Wars and the French Radical Wars. The Napoleonic Wars were a sequences of major wars what pitting the French Territory and its associates. These wars led by Napoleon I, against a shifting array of European powers designed into many coalitions, backed and characteristically ran by Great Britain. The wars are often considered into five different conflict and each of these termed after the association that fought Napoleon.

1884
On 1st November, 1884, The Gaelic Athletic Association was set up in Hayes’s Hotel in Thurles, County Tipperary. The Gaelic Athletic Association is an Irish international unprofessional sporting and cultural organization. It focused mainly on indorsing original Gaelic games and amusements which contain the out-of-date Irish sports like camogie, Gaelic football, hurling, handball and rounders. This association also endorses Irish music and dance, and even the Irish language. Thurles is a city in County Tipperary, Ireland. This is situate in the civil parish of samilar name in the barony of Eliogarty and in the religious parish of Thurles. The cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cashel and Emly was situated in the town.

1918
Western Ukraine separated from the Austro-Hungarian Territory on 1st November, 1918. The West Ukrainian People’s Republic was a short-lived republic. This occurred in late of the year 1918 and early of the year 1919 in eastern Galicia. This comprised the cities of Lviv, Kolomyia and Stanislaviv and claimed portions of Bukovina and Carpathian Ruthenia. Austria-Hungary is also called the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This was a legal union of the Austrian Kingdom and the Empire of Hungary that was between the years 1867 to 1918, when it distorted as a result of defeat in First World War.

1948
Athenagoras I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople was inaugurated on 1st November, 1948. Athenagoras I is also called the Greek archbishop in North America. He was the 268th Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, from the year 1948 to year 1972. The Ecumenical Patriarch was the Archbishop of Constantinople–New Rome. His rank was primus inter pares among the heads of the numerous autocephalous churches what forms the Eastern Orthodox Church. He was widely observed as the spiritual leader and representative of the 300 million Orthodox Christians global.

1954
The Front de Libération Nationale fired the first shots of the Algerian Battle of Freedom. The National Liberation Front is a socialist political party what is available in Algeria. This was the major nationalist movement what held during the Algerian Battle and the sole legal and the reigning political party of the Algerian state until other gatherings were legalized in the year 1989. The Algerian War is also called the Algerian Revolution or the Algerian War of Independence. This was a war occurred between the Algerian National Liberation Front and France from the year 1954 to year 1962, which led to Algeria gaining its freedom from France.

1963
The 1963 South Vietnamese coup started on 1st November, 1963. In November 1963, President Ngô Đình Diệm of South Vietnam was overthrown by a group of Military of the Republic of Vietnam officers who affected with his treatment of both the Viet Cong threat and the Buddhist crisis to the administration.

2000
The Republic of Serbia and Montenegro joined the United Nations on 1st November, 2000. Serbia and Montenegro is officially called the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. It was a nation what is located in Southeast Europe, formed from the 2 remaining federal republics of Yugoslavia after its disintegration in 1992.

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