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20th December

1334
On 20th December, 1334, Pope Benedict XII was selected. Pope Benedict XII was a Pope and he served from 30th December 1334 until end of his death in April 1342. He born Jacques Fournier. He was the 3rd Avignon Pope. Benedict was a cautious pope. He changed monastic orders and opposite nepotism. He was completely unable to eliminate his capital to Rome or Bologna. He started the excessive palace at Avignon. He defined against a notion of Pope John XXII by maxim that souls may reach the “fulness of the beatific vision” before the last judgment. He tried ineffectively to reunify the Greek and Roman churches. He also unsuccessful to come to an empathetic with Louis IV, Holy Roman Ruler.

1803
The Louisiana Purchase was accomplished at a ceremony in New Orleans on 20th December, 1803. The Louisiana Purchase was the attainment. This was formed in the Louisiana terrain by the United States from France in the year 1803. The U.S. paid fifty million francs and a annulment of debts worth 18th million francs for a total of sixty-eight million francs. The Louisiana ground involved land from 15 present U.S. states and 2 major Canadian provinces. Its non-native population was about 60,000 populaces, of whom half were African slaves. New Orleans is a major United States port and the largest city. It is a metropolitan part what is located in the state of Louisiana.

1808
During the Peninsular War, on 20th December, 1808, The Siege of Zaragoza started. The Peninsular War started in the year 1807 and ended in the year 1814. This was a military battle what occurred between Napoleon’s territory and the allied powers of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, the Spanish Realm, and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula through the Napoleonic Wars. The Second Siege of Zaragoza was the French capture of the Spanish city of Zaragoza. This held during the Peninsular Conflict. It was mainly noted for its violence.

1915
During the First World War, on 20th December, 1915, The last Australian militaries were exiled from Gallipoli. The Gallipoli Campaign is also called as the Dardanelles Campaign. This battle is also called the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale. This was a movement of the First World War that held on the Gallipoli peninsula in the Ottoman Empire between 17th February 1915 and 9th January 1916.

1924
Adolf Hitler was released from Landsberg Prison on 20th December, 1924. Adolf Hitler was a German politician. He was the leader of the Nazi Party and Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer of Nazi Germany from the year 1934 to year 1945. As dictator, Hitler started Second World War in Europe with the attack of Poland in September 1939, and was central to the Holocaust. Landsberg Prison is a penal capacity what is located in the city of Landsberg am Lech in the southwest of the German state of Bavaria.

1942
During the Second World War, on 20th December, 1942, Japanese air forces bombed Calcutta, India. The Imperial Japanese Army Air Service is also called the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force. This was the land-based flying force of the Imperial Japanese Army. Since with the IJA itself, the IJAAS was advanced along the lines of Imperial German Army Aviation so its chief mission was to deliver tactical close air sustenance for military troops while upholding a limited air interdiction competence. Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. This is situated on the east bank of the Hooghly River. This is the principal cultural, commercial, and educational center of East India.

1957
The primary production version of the Boeing 707 made its first flight on 20th December, 1957. The Boeing 707 is a long-range, mid-sized, narrow-body, four-engine jet airliner. This was formed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from the year 1958 to year 1979. Its name is usually pronounced as “seven oh seven”. Versions of the aircraft have a size from 140 to 219 passengers and a range of 2,500 to 5,750 nautical miles.

1985
On 20th December, 1985, Pope John Paul II announced the organization of World Youth Day on 20th December, 1985. Pope Saint John Paul II was chief of the Catholic Church. He served from the year 1978 to year 2005. He was called Saint John Paul the Great by some Catholics. World Youth Day is an event for young people what prepared by the Catholic Church. The next, World Youth Day 2019, will be arranged in Panama. World Youth Day was started by Pope John Paul II in the year 1985.

1989
On 20th December, 1989, The United States attack of Panama deposed Manuel Noriega. The United States Invasion of Panama is also called Operation Just Cause. This was an attack of Panama by the United States. This held between mid-December 1989 and late January 1990. This held during the administration of President George H. W. Bush and 10 years after the Torrijos–Carter contract were ratified to allocate control of the Panama Canal from the U.S. to Panama by 1st January 2000. During the invasion, de facto Panamanian leader, general, and dictator Manuel Noriega was overthrew, president-elect Guillermo Endara sworn into office, and the Panamanian Defense Force dissolved. Deposition by political means apprehensions the removal of a monarch or politician. This may be completed by coup, invasion, impeachment or involuntary resignation. The term may also called to the official removal of a clergyman, specially a bishop, from religious office.
Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno a Panamanian military officer and politician. He was the de facto ruler of Panama from the year 1983 to year 1989. He had ancient ties to United States intellect agencies, although was detached from influence by the U.S. invasion of Panama.

1995
NATO started peacekeeping in Bosnia on 20th December, 1995. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is also called the North Atlantic Alliance. This is an international military alliance what held between several European and North American states what based on the North Atlantic Agreement that was signed on 4th April 1949.

1999
On 20th December, 1999, Macau was handed over to China by Portugal. Macau is officially called the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China. This is an independent terrain on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia. Macau is bounded by the city of Zhuhai what is in Mainland China to the north and the Pearl River Delta to the south and east. The transfer of sovereignty of Macau from the Portuguese Republic to the People’s Republic of China held on 20th December 1999. Portugal’s connection in the area was officially familiar by the Qing in the year 1749.

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