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23rd December

558
Chlothar I was crowned King of the Franks on 23rd December, 558. Chlothar I was also called “Clotaire I” and the Old or King of the Franks. He was one of the 4 sons of Clovis I of the Merovingian reign. Though his father, Childeric I ruled the united Francia for the 1st time but later, he divided the entire empire among his four sons. However, In 511 at the age of circa 14, Clothar I congenital 2 large terrains on the Western coast of Francia, separated by the lands of his brother Charibert I’s Kingdom of Paris. Chlothar spent most of his life in an unedifying crusade to enlarge his territories at the expense of his relatives and neighboring monarchies in all directions. Christian and thrived in introducing taxes on religious property.

679
On 23rd December, 679, King Dagobert II was killed while shooting. Dagobert II was a king of Austrasia who ruled from the year 676 to 679. He was the son of Sigebert III and Chimnechild of Burgundy. He was also responsible saint by the Roman Catholic Church; his feast day was 23 December. During rebooted battle what held between Austrasia and Neustria, Dagobert in his turn was killed in another hunting incident on 23rd December, 679, near Stenay-sur-Meuse in the Ardennes, perhaps on orders from Ebroin, still mayor of the palace in Neustria.

1815
The novel Emma was written by Jane Austen first published on 23rd December, 1815. Emma is a popular and that was written by Jane Austen. It is a novel what is about youthful hubris and the threats of misinterpreted romance. The story held in a fictional village of Highbury and the nearby estates of Randalls, Hartfield and Donwell Abbey and includes the relations among persons in those places. The novel was published first in December 1815. As in her other novels, Austen explored the anxieties and problems of some genteel women who were living in Georgian–Regency England; she also made a lively comedy of manners among her characters and portrays matters of gender, marriage, age, and social status. This novel, Emma, has been revised for numerous films, many television programs, and of stage plays. It is also the motivation for numerous novels. Jane Austen was an English novelist. She was popular mainly for her 6 popular novels. Those novels critique, interpret and comment upon the British landed nobility at the end of the 18th century.

1893
The opera Hansel and Gretel by Engelbert Humperdinck was first performed on 23rd December, 1893. Hansel and Gretel is a popular opera by 19th century composer Engelbert Humperdinck. He defined it as a Märchenoper. The libretto was written by Humperdinck’s sister, Adelheid Wette. It was made based on the Grimm brothers’ fairy tale “Hansel and Gretel”. This is much esteemed for its folk music-inspired themes and one of the most renowned being the “Abendsegen” from act 2. Engelbert Humperdinck was a popular German composer and he was popular for his opera named Hansel and Gretel.
1914
During the first World War, on 23rd December,1914, New Zealand and Australian militaries arrived in Cairo, Egypt. World War I is also called the Great War, the First World War, or the War to End All Wars. It was a global battle what inventing in Europe that lasted from 28th July 1914 and ended on 11th November 1918. Cairo is the capital and the largest city of Egypt also. It is a metropolitan area and it is the largest in the Middle East and the Arab world. It is the 15th-largest in the world what is related with ancient Egypt, as the celebrated Giza pyramid compound and the ancient city of Memphis are situated in its geographical area. It is situated near to the Nile Delta.

1919
Sex Disqualification Act 1919 became law in the United Kingdom on 23rd December, 1919. The Sex Disqualification Act 1919 is an Act of Parliament what was developed for the United Kingdom. This became law when this received Royal Assent on 23rd December 1919.

1936
On 23rd December, 1936, Colombia became a participant to the Buenos Aires copyright agreement. The Buenos Aires Convention is a copyright agreement what was made at Buenos Aires, Argentina. It was made on 11th August 1910. This was created for providing common gratitude of copyrights where the work transmits a notice covering a statement of registration of rights (Art. 3). This was normally completed with the phrase “All rights reserved” next to the copyright sign. This application diverse as US law only mandatory the author and year of publication. Colombia is also officially called the Republic of Colombia. It is an autonomous state what mainly located in the northwest of South America, with terrains in Central America.

1947
The transistor was 1st established at Bell Laboratories on 23rd December, 1947. A transistor is a semiconductor device. This device is used to intensify or switch electrical power and electronic indications. This is mainly serene of semiconductor material typically with at least 3 terminals for joining to an exterior circuit. Nowadays, some transistors are packed separately and this many more are originated surrounded in united circuits. Nokia Bell Labs is a popular American scientific development and research company. It was owned by Finnish company Nokia. The headquarters of this organization are mainly located in Murray Hill, New Jersey, moreover other laboratories around the rest of the United States and in some countries.

1970
The Democratic Republic of the Congo officially became one-party state on 23rd December, 1970. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is also called as DR Congo, Zaire, East Congo, DROC, DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo. It is a country what is located in Central Africa. A one-party state, one-party system, single-party state, single-party system is a type of state what is in one political party has the right to form the government. This is based on the present constitution. All other parties are either outlawed or permitted to take only a limited and controlled participation in elections.

2002
A U.S. MQ-1 Predator was shot down by an Iraqi MiG-25 in the 1st combat appointment between a drone and conservative aircraft. The General Atomics MQ-1 Predator is an American in the least directed aircraft what developed by General Atomics and used mainly by the United States Air Force and Central Intellect Agency. The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 is a supersonic interceptor and examination aircraft. That was among the wildest military aircraft to enter facility. This was intended by the Soviet Union’s Mikoyan-Gurevich bureau. It is one of the few battle aircraft what was developed mainly by using stainless steel. This was the last plane planned by Mikhail Gurevich before his superannuation.

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