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23rd November

1174
On 23rd November, 1174, Saladin entered Damascus, and added it to his domain. An-Nasir Salah ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub is also called as Salah ad-Din or Saladin. He was the 1st sultan of Egypt and Syria. He was also a founder of the Ayyubid dynasty. He was a Sunni Muslim of Kurdish society. Saladin ran the Muslim soldier movement against the Campaigner states in the Levant. At the height of his power, his sultanate involved Egypt, Syria, Upper Mesopotamia, Yemen, the Hejaz and other parts of North Africa. Damascus is the capital and the largest city of Syria. This is following the decline in populace of Aleppo due to the combat for the city. This is normally called in Syria as ash-Sham and named as the City of Jasmine.

1248
On 23rd November, 1248, Overthrow of Seville by Christian military under King Ferdinand III of Castile. Seville is the capital and largest city of the independent community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain. This is positioned on the plain of the river Guadalquivir. Ferdinand III is also called the Saint. He was a King of Castile and served from the year 1217. He was also a King of León and served from 1230 and he was a King of Galicia from 1231. He was a son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. Through his 2nd marriage he was also Count of Aumale. Ferdinand III was one of the most effective monarchs of Castile, safeguarding not only the enduring union of the crowns of León and Castile, but also conceiving the most extensive crusade of Reconquista yet.

1808
French and Poles defeated the Spanish at Battle of Tudela on 23rd November, 1808. The Battle of Tudela saw an Majestic French military what ran by Marshal Jean Lannes hit a Spanish military under General Castaños. The war caused in the comprehensive conquest of the Grand forces over their rivals The battle held close to Tudela in Navarre, Spain in the Peninsular War what is part of a wider battle called as the Napoleonic Wars. Spanish wounded were assessed to be around 4,000 dead and 3,000 prisoners out of a total force of 33,000.

1810
On 23rd November, 1810, Sarah Booth debuted at the Royal Opera House. Sarah “Sally” Booth was an English actress. She was accomplished by a organizer named Macready and she worked for the Manchester Theatre also. The Royal Opera House is an opera house what still existed. It is a main performing arts venue what is located in Covent Garden, central London. The large building of this opera is often called to as merely “Covent Garden”, after a earlier use of the site of the opera house’s innovative construction in the year 1732. This is the home of The Royal Ballet, The Royal Opera, and the Orchestra of the Royal Opera House. Originally named the Theatre Royal.

1936
On 23rd November, 1936, Life magazine was regenerated as a photo magazine and enjoyed instant success. Life was an American magazine what ran weekly from the year 1883 to year 1936 as a humor magazine with limited issues. Time owner Henry Luce credited for the magazine in the year 1936, only so that he could obtain the rights to its name, and thrown a main weekly news magazine with a strong stress on photojournalism. Life was weekly magazine until the year 1972, as an recurrent “special” until the year 1978, and as a monthly from the year 1978 to year 2000.

1946
On 23rd November, 1946, French naval attack of Hai Phong, Vietnam, killed thousands of civilians. Haiphong is a main industrial city and it is the 2nd largest city in the northern part of Vietnam. Hai Phong was also the center of economy, technology, medicine, culture, education, science and trade in the northern coast of Vietnam. Additionally, it is the 3rd largest city in Vietnam in terms of urban inhabitants. Vietnam is officially called the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and this is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

1955
On 23rd November, 1955, The Cocos Islands were transported from the control of the United Kingdom (UK) to that of Australia. The Territory of Cocos Islands is an Australian exterior terrain what is located in the Indian Ocean. It is including a small archipelago about central between Sri Lanka and Australia. The territory’s dual name replicates that the islands have archaeologically been identified as either the Keeling Islands or the Cocos Islands. This land consists of two major islands what made up of 27 coral islands, of which only two –Home Island and West Island – are occupied.

1972
On 23rd November, 1972, The Soviet Union made its final effort at effectively for launching the N1 rocket. The N1 was a super heavy-lift and it launches vehicle planned to carry payloads beyond low Earth orbit, what acting as the Soviet complement to the US Saturn V. This was planned with crewed extra-orbital portable in mind. Growth work started on the N1 in the year 1959. Its first stage is the most influential rocket stage ever developed.

1978
Cyclone killed around 1000 people in eastern Sri Lanka on 23rd November, 1978. The 1978 cyclone in Eastern area what was located at the strongest humid cyclone to strike Eastern area of Sri Lanka on 23rd November, 1978. The cyclone was begun at local time 6.30 pm and this sustained to next day morning and demolished the areas from Trincomalee to Arugam bay. In eastern province, Kalmunai, Akkaraipattu, Batticaloa, Ninthavur, Chettipalayam, Pattiruppu, Thalankudah, Kattankudy, Eravur and Kalkudah were most pretentious part due to cyclone’s vortex zone.
2001
The Convention on Cybercrime was signed in Budapest, Hungary on 23rd November, 2001. The Convention on Cybercrime is also called as the Budapest Convention and the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime. This is the 1st international agreement what is used for seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national improving investigative techniques, laws, and developing cooperation among nations. This was stressed up by the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, France, with the active contribution of the Council of Europe’s observer states Japan, South Africa, Canada and the United States. Budapest is the capital and the most populated city of Hungary, and this is one of the major cities in the European Union.

2009
The Maguindanao massacre occurred in Ampatuan, Maguindanao, Philippines on 23rd November, 2009. The Maguindanao massacre is also called as the Ampatuan massacre after the city where the mass vaults were found. This held on the morning of 23th November, 2009, in the city of Ampatuan in Maguindanao area, on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines.

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