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23rd September

1642
First commencement exercises occurred at Harvard College on 23rd September, 1642. Harvard College is the undergraduate generous arts college of Harvard University. It was founded in the year 1636 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It is one of the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and one of the most admired in the world.

1821
Tripolitsa, Greece, was captured by Greek insurgents in the Greek War of Liberation on 23rd September, 1821. The Siege of Tripolitsa or the Fall of Tripolitsa to radical Greek military forces in the summer of the year 1821 marked an initial victory in the Greek Battle of Freedom against the Ottoman Kingdom, which had started previous in that year. It is an additional infamous for the extermination of its Muslim Greek, and Jewish inhabitants — the Massacre of Tripolitsa, which took place after the city’s fall to the Greek forces. The Greek War of Independence or the Greek Revolution was a successful war of liberation paid by the Greek rebels between the years 1821 and 1832 against the Ottoman Kingdom. The Greeks were later assisted by the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of France, Great Britain and numerous other European powers, while the Ottomans were assisted by their vassals, Algeria, the eyalets of Egypt and Tripolitania, and the Beylik of Tunis.

1868
On 23rd September, 1868, Grito de Lares occurred in Puerto Rico against Spanish rule. The Grito de Lares was called the Lares uprising. It has several names and those are Lares rebellion, the Lares revolt, the or the Lares rebellion. It was the 1st major revolution against Spanish rule in Puerto Rico. The short-lived revolt was deliberate by Segundo Ruiz Belvis and Ramón Emeterio Betances. It started on 23rd September, 1868, in the urban of Lares, for which it is called, and spread quickly to various radical cells throughout the island. Puerto Rico is formally called the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and temporarily named Porto Rico. It is an independent terrain of the United States what located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.

1899
American Asiatic Squadron destroyed a Filipino battery at the War of Olongapo on 23rd September, 1899. The Asiatic Squadron was a squadron of United States Navy warships what based in East Asia during the latter half of the 19th century. It was developed in the year 1868 when the East India Squadron was disbanded. Vessels of the squadron were generally complicated in matters connecting to American commerce with Japan and China, though it contributed in several battles more than 34 years of service until becoming the Asiatic Fleet in the year 1902. The Battle of Olongapo was held September in 1899, during the Philippine–American War. The war included both land and sea fighting, of which the objective was the obliteration of the single Filipino artillery gun in Olongapo, a menace to American ships journey the close sea.

1938
Mobilization of the Czechoslovak military in response to the Munich Treaty on 23rd September, 1938. Czechoslovakia or Czecho-Slovakia was an independent state in Central Europe that was from October 1918, when it avowed its freedom from the Austro-Hungarian Realm, until its peaceful closure into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1st January 1993. From the year 1939 to year 1945, following its required division and incomplete incorporation into Nazi Germany, the state did not de facto exist but its government-in-exile sustained to operate. The Munich Treaty was a settlement what approving Nazi Germany’s seizure of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country’s borders mostly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new regional designation “Sudetenland” was coined.

1980
Bob Marley played what would be his last concert in Pittsburgh on 23rd September, 1980. Robert Nesta “Bob” Marley, OM was a Jamaican musician and singer-songwriter who developed an global cultural and musical icon, blending typically reggae, ska and rocksteady in his compositions. Starting out in the year 1963 with the group the Wailers, he phony a characteristic vocal and songwriting style that would later vibrate with spectators worldwide. The Wailers would go on to an announcement some of the initial reggae records with manufacturer Lee “Scratch” Perry.

1983
Saint Kitts and Nevis joined the United Nations on 23rd September, 1983. The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is also called as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis. It is situated on a two-island country in the West Indies, in the Caribbean. It is located in the Leeward Islands chain of the Lesser Antilles. The country is a Commonwealth kingdom, with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state. The capital city is Basseterre on the larger island of Saint Kitts. The smaller island of Nevis lies approximately 3 km southeast of Saint Kitts across a shallow channel named “The Narrows”. The United Nations or UN is an international organization what tasked to encourage international co-operation and to generate and preserve global order. An extra for the unproductive League of Nations, the group was traditional on 24th October 1945 after World War II.

1983
Gulf Air Flight 771 was destroyed by a bomb and all 117 people were killed on board on 23rd September, 1983. Gulf Air Flight 771 was a flight what started from Karachi, Pakistan, to Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. On 23rd September 1983, while the Boeing 737-2P6 was on the way to Abu Dhabi International Airport, a bomb detonated in the gear section. The plane crashed between Abu Dhabi and Dubai in the UAE in the desert near Mina Jebel Ali. All 5 crew members and all 107 passengers died.

2002
On 23rd September, 2002, the first version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox code name “Phoenix 0.1” was released. Currently Mozilla Firefox or simply Firefox is very smart. It is a free and open-source web browser what developed by the Mozilla Foundation and the Mozilla Corporation. Firefox is now available for Windows, macOS and Linux operating systems. It is also available for iOS and Android devices. However, the Phoenix was the old version and stable but it was not everything compared to other browsers.

2008
During the Kauhajoki school shooting, on 23rd September, 2008, Matti Saari killed ten people before killing himself. The Kauhajoki school shooting held at the Seinäjoki University of Applied Sciences in the previous area of Western Finland. The gunman named Matti Saari was 22-year-old student. He shot and killed ten people with a Walther P22 semi-automatic pistol and he killed himself in the head. He died within a few hours in Tampere University Hospital. The shooting occurred at the Kauhajoki School of Hospitality and it owned by the Seinäjoki Municipal Federation of Education. The amenities and campus were common between the Seinäjoki University of Functional Sciences and the Seinäjoki Vocational Education Centre – Sedu.

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