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3rd October

1392
Muhammed VII became the 12th sultan of the Emirate of Granada on 3rd October, 1392. Muhammed VII born in 1370. He was the twelfth Nasrid monarch of the Moorish State of Granada in Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula. He died in 1408. The Emirate of Granada is also called as the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada. It was an country what was recognized in 1230 by Mohammed I ibn Nasr. After Prince Idris left Iberia to take the Almohad Caliphate control, the ambitious Mohammed I ibn Nasr founded the last Muslim dynasty on the Iberian peninsula, the Nasrids.

1574
The Siege of Leiden was elevated by the Watergeuzen on 3rd October, 1574. The Siege of Leiden held during the Anglo–Spanish War in 1574 and the Eighty Years’ War in 1573. This happened when the Spanish under Francisco de Valdez endeavored to arrest the disobedient city of Leiden, South Holland, the Netherlands. In the end the siege unsuccessful when the town was effectively relieved in October 1574. Geuzen was a name what was expected by the confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles, who from the year 1566 opposite Spanish rule in the Netherlands.

1712
On 3rd October, 1712, The Duke of Montrose issued a warrant for the capture of Rob Roy MacGregor. James Graham was the 1st Duke and 4th Marquess of Montrose. He was a popular Scottish aristocratic statesman in the primary 18th century. Robert Roy MacGregor was a Scottish outlaw and later he became a folk hero.

1739
The Treaty of Niš is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian–Turkish War, 1736–39. The Treaty of Niš was a peace treaty was made on 3rd October 1739 in Niš. It was made by the Russian and Ottoman Empire, to end the Russo-Turkish Battle between the years 1735 and 1739. The Russians gave up their right to Moldavia and Crimea but were permissible to develop a port at Azov, though without battlements and without the right to have a navy in the Black Sea. The battle was the result of a Russian exertion to gain Crimea and Azov as a first step to controlling the Black Sea. The Ottoman Empire is also called the Turkish Empire and Ottoman Turkey but it is familiar as Turkey. It was an territory what founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the city of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman.

1918
King Boris III of Bulgaria acceded to the throne on 3rd October, 1918. Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria is originally called Boris Klemens Robert Maria Pius Ludwig Stanislaus Xaver. He was a son of Ferdinand I. He got the throne in the 1918 upon the resignation of his father after following the overthrow of the Empire of Bulgaria during World War I. This was the country’s 2nd major defeat in only 5 years, after the disastrous Second Balkan Battle.

1930
The German Socialist Labor Party in Poland-Left was founded on 3rd October, 1930 following a split in DSAP in Łódź. The German Socialist Labour Party in Poland – Left was very recognized political party in Poland. The party was originated on 3rd October, 1930, as a leftist split from the German Socialist Labor Party in Poland in Łódź. The German Socialist Labour Party of Poland was a popular political party what was organized by German Social Populists in interbellum Poland. Supposedly, the DSAP was developed at a session in Chorzów on 9th August, 1925, through the union of the Silesia or West Prussia-based German Social Democratic Party of Poland and the Łódź-based German Labor Party of Poland. Łódź is the 3rd largest city in Poland. It is popular as a former industrial center. It is located in the central part of the country, it has a populace of 693,797.

1932
Iraq gained freedom from the United Kingdom on 3rd October, 1932. Iraq is officially called as the Republic of Iraq. It is a country what is located in Western Asia. It is surrounded by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Saudi Arabia to the south, Syria to the west, Kuwait to the southeast and Jordan to the southwest. The capital and largest city of Iraq is Baghdad.

1950
During the Korean War, on 3rd October, 1950, The First Battle of Maryang San, mainly pitting Australian and British forces against communist China, begins. The Korean War was a battle. This conflict held between North Korea and South Korea. The battle started on 25th June 1950 when North Korea attacked South Korea what is following a sequence of battles along the boundary of the country. The First Battle of Maryang San is also called as the Defensive Battle of Maliangshan. This battle held during the Korean War and it occurred between United Nations forces what primarily Australian and British—and the Chinese communist People’s Volunteer Army. The fighting happened during a limited UN offensive by US I Corps, codenamed Operation Commando.

1952
The United Kingdom positively tested a nuclear weapon to develop the world’s 3rd nuclear power. Operation Hurricane was the massive test of the first UK atomic device, on 3rd October 1952. A plutonium collapse device was exploded in the lagoon in the Monte Bello Islands in Western Australia. With the success of Operation Hurricane, Britain became the 3rd nuclear power after the Soviet Union and the United States. A nuclear weapon is an explosive device what is called lethal weapon that originates its destructive force from nuclear responses, either fission or from a mixture of separation and fusion reactions. Both bomb sorts release large amounts of energy from comparatively small amounts of matter.

1985
The Space Shuttle Atlantis made its maiden flight on 3rd October, 1985. Space Shuttle Atlantis is a Space Shuttle orbiter what belonging to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the spaceflight and space examination agency of the United States. This was constructed by the Rockwell International company in Southern California. It was brought to the Kennedy Space Center in Eastern Florida in April 1985, Atlantis is the 4th active and the 2nd to-last Space Shuttle built. Its maiden flight was STS-51-J from 3rd to 7th October 1985.

2015
On 3rd October, 2015, 42 people killed and 33 missing in Kunduz hospital airstrike operated by Médecins Sans Frontières. On 3 October 2015, a United States Air Force AC-130U gunship confronted the Kunduz Trauma Centre what worked by Médecins Sans Frontières or Doctors Without any Border in the city of Kunduz what is located in the province of the same name in northern Afghanistan. This has been described that at least 42 people were murdered and over 30 people were injured. Médecins Sans Frontières is also called in English as Doctors Without Borders. This is a global caring non-governmental organization. It is the best known for its projects in war-torn areas and developing countries what affected by endemic diseases.

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