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8th November

1602
The Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford was opened to the public on 8th November, 1602. The Bodleian Library is the major and very recognized research library of the University of Oxford. This is one of the oldest libraries what located in Europe. This library has more than 12 million books and different items. It is the 2nd largest library in Britain after the British Library. It is called to Oxford scholars as “the Bod” or “Bodley”. This operates mainly as an orientation library and, in general, documents may not be detached from the reading rooms. The University of Oxford is also called Oxford University or Oxford. It is an academic research university located in Oxford, England. It has no recognized date of foundation, but there is indication of teaching as far back as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world’s second-oldest university in incessant operation.

1889
On 8th November, 1889, Montana was acknowledged as the 41st U.S. state. A U.S. state is an essential political thing of the United States of America. There are now 50 states, which are together in a union with each other. Montana is a state in the northwestern region of the United States. The state’s name is formed from the Spanish word montaña what is mountain. Montana has several names but anyone of those are official. Those names are “The Treasure State” and Big Sky Country” and slogans that include “Land of the Shining Mountains” and more recently “The Last Best Place”. Montana is the 4th largest in part, the 7th least populated, and the 3rd sparsely occupied of the 50 U.S. states.

1895
During the testing with electricity, Wilhelm Röntgen discovered the X-ray on 8th November, 1895. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen was a recognized mechanical engineer. He was also a physicist. He developed and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range what is familiar as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an attainment that earned him the 1st Nobel Prize in Physics in the year 1901. In honor of his activities, in the year 2004 the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry was named element 111, roentgenium, a radioactive element with numerous unbalanced isotopes, after him. X-rays or X-radiation have a wavelength ranging from 0.01 to 10 nanometers, consistent to frequencies in the range 30 petahertz to 30 exahertz and energies in the range 100 eV to 100 keV. a form of electromagnetic radiation. X-ray wavelengths are shorter than those of UV rays and classically longer than those of gamma rays.

1937
The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude opened in Munich on 8th November, 1937. National Socialism is generally recognized as Nazism or Naziism. This is the philosophy and set of practices related with the 20th-century German Nazi Party, Nazi Germany and other far-right collections. The Eternal Jew was the name of an exhibition of degenerate art what was called entartete Kunst. It exhibited at the Library of the German Museum in Munich. The exhibition started from 8th November 1937 and ended to 31st January 1938. The actual displays, with caricatures and photographs, absorbed on antisemitic canards in presenting the Jewish supposed efforts at ‘bolshevising’ Nazi Germany. It was best demonstrated in the exhibition poster presenting an ‘eastern’ Jew wearing a kaftan and field gold coins in one hand and a whip in the other. Munich is the capital and the most inhabited city in the German state of Bavaria.

1957
During the Operation Grapple X, Round C1, on 8th November, 1957, The United Kingdom held its first effective hydrogen bomb test over Kiritimati in the Pacific. Operation Grapple was the title of 4 sequence of British nuclear weapons. This tests of initial atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs approved out in the year 1957 and 1958 at Malden Island and Christmas Island in the Pacific Ocean as portion of the British hydrogen bomb programmed. The next test series contained of a single trial what is recognized as Grapple X. To save money and time, and as HMS Warrior, Narvik and Alert were unobtainable. This was definite to drop the bomb off the southern tip of Christmas Island rather than off Malden Island. A thermonuclear weapon is a lethal weapon what is the second-generation nuclear weapon. It was designed for using a secondary nuclear fusion stage what consisting of fusion fuel, collapse tamper and sparkplug which is bombed by the energy released by the explosion of a primary fission bomb within, condensing the fuel material and producing a fusion reaction.

1972
HBO launched its first program on 8th November, 1972. The film Sometimes a Great Notion was broadcasted. Home Box Office is a popular American premium cable and satellite television network. This TV channel was owned by Time Warner through its own flagship company Home Box Office, Inc. Programming contained on the network contains mainly of melodramatically released original television series, motion pictures and with boxing matches, made-for-cable movies and documentaries and irregular stand-up comedy and concert specials. Sometimes A Great Notion is a 1970 American drama film. It was directed by Paul Newman and starring Newman, Michael Sarrazin, Henry Fonda and Lee Remick. The cast also contained Richard Jaeckel in an Academy Award-nominated presentation.

1973
On 8th November, 1973, the right ear of John Paul Getty III was distributed to a newspaper together with a ransom note, certain his father to pay US$2.9 million. John Paul Getty III is also familiar as Paul Getty. He was the eldest of John Paul Getty Jr. and Abigail. He was the grandson of oil tycoon Jean Paul Getty. Balthazar Getty is his son.

2004
During the War in Iraq, on 8th November, 2004, over 10,000 U.S. armed militaries and a small number of Iraqi army units joined in a siege on the rebellious stranglehold of Fallujah. The 2003 attack of Iraq lasted from 20th March to 1st May 2003 and signaled the begin of the Iraq War, which was named Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States. The attack contained of 21 days of major battle operations, in which a joint force of militaries from the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia and Poland invaded Iraq and overthrew the Ba’athist government of Saddam Hussein. Fallujah is a city in the Iraqi area of Al Anbar. It is located roughly 69 kilometers west of Baghdad on the Euphrates. This city is familiar as the “city of mosques” for the over 200 mosques and it was found in the city and the nearby villages.

2013
On 8th November, 2013, Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest and powerful tropical cyclones ever recorded, strikes the Visayas region of the Philippines. It killed around 6,340 and around 1,000 people are still missing. This typhoon damaged properties of around $2.86 billion.

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