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9th October

1410
On 9th October, 1410, the first recognized reference of the Prague astronomical clock. The Prague astronomical clock is also called Prague orloj. It is a primitive astronomical clock what is situated in Prague and it is the capital of the Czech Republic. The clock was 1st installed in the year 1410, making it the third-oldest astral clock in the world .

1446
The hangul alphabet was published in Korea on 9th October, 1446. Hangul or Hangeul is the Korean alphabet. It is used to write the Korean language since the 15th century. This was developed in the year 1443 under King Sejong the Great during the Joseon Dynasty. Nowadays, the alphabet is the official script and it is used both North Korea and South Korea, and co-official in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of China’s Jilin Province.

1760
During the Seven Years’ War, on 9th October, 1760, Russian forces occupy Berlin. The Seven Years’ War was a global conflict held between the years 1756 and 1763. It involved every European great influence of the time and spanned 5 continents, affecting Europe, West Africa, the Americas, India, and the Philippines. The war split Europe into two major coalitions, led by the Kingdom of Great Britain on one side and the Kingdom of France on the other. Meanwhile, the Mughal Empire what was in India with the support of the French, strained to crush a British effort to overcome Bengal.

1799
On 9th October, 1799, 240 men died and a cargo worth £1,200,000 lost due to sinking of HMS Lutine. Lutine was a frigate which served in both the French Navy and the Royal Navy. This was launched by the French in the year 1779. The ship destroyed to British control in the year 1793 and was taken into service as HMS Lutine. It sank among the West Frisian Islands through a storm in 1799. This was formed as a French Magicienne-class frigate with 32 guns. It was begun at Toulon in the year 1779. She attended thereafter in the North Sea, where she was part of the barrier of Amsterdam.

1806
Prussia started the battle of the Fourth Coalition against France on 9th October, 1806.Prussia was a bulging historical German state what was developing of the Duchy of Prussia and the Margraviate of Brandenburg, and placed on the region of Prussia. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia was positively increasing its size by way of an unusually well-organized and real army. Prussia, with its capital in Konigsberg and from the year 1701 in Berlin what shaped the history of Germany. The Fourth Coalition held against Napoleon’s French Territory. This was overcome in a battle what spanning between the years 1806–1807. Coalition partners comprised Prussia, Saxony, Russia, Sweden, and Great Britain. Many members of the coalition had formerly been fighting France as part of the and Russia mobilized for a fresh movement, and Prussian militaries massed in Saxony.

1820
Guayaquil declared the freedom from Spain on 9th October, 1820. Guayaquil is officially called Santiago de Guayaquil. It is the most populous city in Ecuador and it is also largest city. It has around 2.69 million people in the metropolitan area and the nation’s main port. The city is the capital of the Ecuadorian area of Guayas and the seat of the namesake canton. Guayaquil is situated on the western bank of the Guayas River.

1824
Slavery was eliminated in Costa Rica on 9th October, 1824. Costa Rica is also called the Republic of Costa Rica. It is a country and it is located in Central America. This is surrounded by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island.

1831
Ioannis Kapodistrias was the first head of state of autonomous Greece was assassinated on 9th October, 1831. Count Ioannis Antonios Kapodistrias was sometimes known as John Capodistrias. He was a Greek statesman and served as the Foreign Minister of the Russian Empire and was one of the most illustrious diplomats and politicians of Europe.

1854
During the Crimean War, on 9th October, 1854, The siege of Sebastopol started. The Crimean War was a military battle and it held from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was a part of the Ottoman Empire. The Siege of Sevastopol lasted from September 1854 to September 1855, during the Crimean Battle. The associates landed at Eupatoria on 14th September 1854, sense to make a ritual march to Sevastopol, the capital of the Crimea, with 50,000 men. The 56-kilometre sell took a year of violent against the Russians.

1799
On 9th October, 1799, around 240 men died and a cargo worth £1,200,000 lose for Sinking of HMS Lutine. Lutine was a frigate what appeared in both the Royal Navy and the French Navy. She was started by the French in the year 1779. The ship sinked to British control in the year 1793 and was taken into service as HMS Lutine. She sank among the West Frisian Islands in a storm in the year 1799.
1820
Guayaquil declared freedom from Spain on 9th October, 1820. Guayaquil is officially called Santiago de Guayaquil. This is the largest and the most populated city in Ecuador. This has around 2.69 million people in this metropolitan parts including the nation’s main port. The city is the capital of the Ecuadorian province of Guayas and the seat of the namesake canton.

1834
On 9th October, 1834, foundation of the Kingstown and Dublin Railway, the first public railway on the island of Ireland. The Kingstown and Dublin Railway linked Westland Row in Dublin with Kingstown Harbour in County Dublin. This was founded by businessmen in the metropolitan to look into building a railway. Within 2 years, they had a contractor and a parliamentary act. The structure agreement was awarded to William Dargan.

1907
Las Cruces, New Mexico was incorporated on 9th October, 1907. Las Cruces is also called as “The City of the Crosses”. This is the seat of Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. In the census of the year 2015, it was estimated that the population was 101,643 and this made it the 2nd largest city in the state, after Albuquerque. Las Cruces is the largest city in both Doña Ana County and southern New Mexico.

1950
On 9th October, 1950, Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre started. The Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre was a serious massacre of more than 153 unarmed civilians showed between 9th October 1950 and 31st October 1950. After the victory of the 2nd Battle of Seoul, South Korean establishments detained and immediately performed numerous persons along with their relations on doubt of empathizing with North Korea.

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